Lower back pain is mostly due to a sedentary lifestyle. It is localized pain that can be accompanied by stiffness and muscle tension. Physiotherapy is effective in this regard.
There may be a sharp or dull pain. Some even complain of throbbing or stabbing pain, but it’s all treatable.
Start stretching. This improves the range of motion and relieves cramps. The best areas for stretching are the lower back muscles, abs, hips, legs, and feet.
You can try the stretches like knee-to-chest, seated spine rotation, pelvic tilt, and sphinx stretching.
Your physical therapist can also suggest dynamic stabilization exercises that include specific exercises with or without aids.
This strengthens the secondary muscles of the spine. Try passive therapies like heat or ice packs, or electrical stimulation.
Dr. Krishan Mohan Singh,
Specialist in physiotherapy and ergonomics. E-mail: