How excessive exercise can negatively impact fertility

Exercise – is a phenomenon that divides any population in two; People either love to exercise or hate it. Even among those people who are reluctant to accept exercise as part of their daily routine, there are some who simply tolerate the “annoying” process as the result of healthy health and fitness. Then there are those who like to exercise. How is it even possible to love sports, one might be tempted to ask? Who in their right mind would willingly punish their body? Well, let’s just say there are those who profess to do it, and sometimes to the point where they “over-exert” themselves and eventually burn out.

Training vs. Overtraining
Exercise has direct and indirect health benefits such as: B. promoting the health of the heart, bones, mood and emotions, the skin and also in weight management. Excessive training, on the other hand, is counterproductive for your health and ultimately extremely dangerous.

According to the US Government Physical Activity Guidelines 2nd Edition, it is recommended that adults maintain approximately 150-300 minutes of moderate physical activity per week; Alternatively, only about 75-150 minutes of vigorous aerobic physical activity per week is recommended when incorporating strength training into your program. Anything beyond these parameters is considered overexertion.

Then there is the simpler definition from the National Institutes of Health. Your parameters tell you that if you’ve been pushing your body too far beyond its current limits and levels and for too long while skipping the proper recovery routine, that’s a clear indication of excessive and compulsive training.

This can be due to the need to lose weight too early, get fit too quickly, or just to do something good. Excessive exercise can increase the frequency and intensity of sore muscles, inflammation, injuries and tears in the body, cause the person to become tired, anxious, irritable and sleepless, and also lower their immunity and fertility.

As it affects men and women
In fact, there have been several cases of people prone to overexertion who have been diagnosed with health problems that cause infertility, such as: B. Azoospermia in men. This is a combined effect of longer hours in the gym and increased steroid use, which suppress fertility hormones and can significantly affect sperm count.

Therefore, it is very important to remember that body weight has a direct impact on both male and female fertility and extreme and strenuous exercise can lead to imbalance in the reproductive system and short-, long-term or even permanent infertility . In men, excess fat upsets the delicate testosterone-estrogen balance in their bodies, resulting in sub-normal sperm counts.

While in women, studies suggest that too much or too little exercise leads to fertility problems. According to certain research reports, it is best for women to maintain the optimal body mass index or BMI value of 20-24.9 for normal ovulation, menstruation and therefore fertility. So while strenuous activity can also lead to infertility in women, a balanced moderate level has been shown to increase the chances of a normal conception.

How to maintain a balanced lifestyle
Maintaining a balanced exercise and fitness regime is actually quite simple. When you nourish your body by eating well and consuming the necessary calories, staying well hydrated, getting the necessary amount of sleep and rest to recover from your exercise program, you are meeting the basic parameters of a balanced, sustainable lifestyle necessary for good fertility to function. If you want to stick to moderate exercise, consider incorporating activities like biking, swimming, or even walking into your fitness regimen.

And remember, most things are okay as long as they are practiced in moderation. So if you don’t overdo it, you’ll be fine.

from dr Gauri Agarwal, Founder and Director of Seeds of Innocence and Genestrings Diagnostics

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed by the Doctors represent their independent professional judgment and we accept no responsibility for the accuracy of their views. This should not be taken as a substitute for medical advice. Please contact your treating doctor for more details.