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ORLANDO, Florida. – More than 4 million adults suffer from at least 15 migraine days a month. But there are a few things you can do to prevent a migraine attack.

About one in eight people suffers from migraines: a throbbing headache that can last for hours or even days.

“You get a variety of different symptoms, including nausea and vomiting, and sometimes sensitivity to light and noise,” said Vincent Martin, professor of medicine at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine.

But you can potentially thwart a migraine episode by avoiding common triggers. First, pay attention to what you eat and drink. Common culprits include: caffeine, alcohol, artificial sweeteners, chocolate, sausages, and foods with MSG. Second, don’t skip meals. Fasting can trigger migraines.

Other triggers for migraines are weather and hormonal changes.

Likewise…

“Stress is a big trigger. So not only when the stress arises, but also when the stress is gone. It’s called a disappointment headache, ”explained Martin.

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Yoga and meditation can help you manage your stress levels. And remember, migraines are often caused by poor sleep. Try to go to bed and wake up at around the same time each day.

When you experience a migraine, turn off the lights, put hot or cold compresses on your head or neck, and drink a small amount of caffeine. A recent study in Europe even found that smelling or rubbing lavender oil for 15 minutes can relieve migraine symptoms.

There are also beta blockers such as Inderal and Blocadren that your doctor may suggest to help prevent a migraine episode.

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