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Migraine is a very common neurological disorder that affects a large number of people. According to a study from 2020 the migraine causes affects approximately

40 million people

every year every year in every year in United States. The most prominent symptoms of a migraine is a debilitating, throbbing headache that lasts anywhere from a few hours up to several days.

Studies have shown that those who suffer from migraine could have a higher possibility of developing health issues which include hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is a condition that can last for a long time that develops when your thyroid gland isn’t producing adequate thyroid hormone. The most prevalent type is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

We’ll discuss the the causes, risk factors and treatments for both conditions as well as the study that may lead to a connection.


The latest research suggests an established connection between hypothyroidism and migraine. It’s not clear if the same risk factors cause both disorders to develop together or if they directly contribute to one another.

  • A

    2021 article

    reported the findings of an unspecified year-long study of 100 participants from India. The migraine-prone 50 participants were more likely to have a thyroid condition and, in particular, low levels of thyroid hormone as compared to the group who suffered from headaches without migraine.
  • In a

    Study from 2016

    Researchers followed 812 people for more than 20 years in a medical monitoring program. They discovered that those who had the history of migraines had an increased risk of 41 percent of developing hypothyroidism that was new. Patients with other headache-related disorders were 21 percent more at risk. chance.
  • An older

    2013 study

    Also, we looked at the connection between various kinds of headaches as well as thyroid disease in 377 participants. Results revealed the presence of 3 percent the people with migraines or tension headaches. 1.6 percent of people suffering from tension headaches also suffered from hypothyroidism. In this particular subset the researchers found that hypothyroidism after the first episode of migraine for the vast majority (96 percent).

The study of 2013 concluded that hypothyroidism is significantly more common for migraine sufferers as compared to generally healthy people. Researchers concluded that hypothyroidism must be considered as one of “the various migraine complications,” even though the complete nature of the connection is undetermined.



Certain factors can influence the probability that you suffer from hypothyroidism or migraine. Certain risk factors are common to both conditions.

Risk factors for migraine

Common risk factors that are associated with migraine are:


  • Sex.

    2018. National Health Interview Survey data that are cited in the CDC confirms that females are

    twice as likely

    to suffer migraine and headache episodes more often than men. Researchers believe that hormones could be a factor in this increased risk. The data above separated people into male and female categories and conflated these with gender. The gender and sexuality of a person are two distinct things and they both exist in a range.

  • Genes.

    A

    2021 review

    The evidence suggests that genetics play an important role in determining the likelihood of someone to develop migraine, though the extent of the impact isn’t clear. The migraine has been linked to specific genetic mutations and genes.
  • smoking. Smoking can increase the likelihood of suffering from an episode of migraine.
  • High levels of stress. Having a lot of stress, or having stress-related events in recent times is one of the main triggers of migraine episodes.

Race is an additional risk factor. The writers of an

Study of 2018

The researchers looked at three national health surveys to determine the severity and frequency of headaches and migraines in The researchers looked at 3 national health surveys to determine the frequency and burden of headaches, migraine United States. They discovered the American Indian or Alaska Native individuals had the highest rate of severe or migraine headache in 2015, with a rate of more than 18 percent.

Find out more about the words that refer towards the Indigenous People of America.

Risk factors related to race or ethnicity usually are not just about biology, but are the consequence of an inequal society. Due to discrimination and prejudice regarding perceived racial traits some individuals are discriminated against and treated differently. This may increase health risks for chronic diseases and hinder the ability of you to obtain and receive health care.

Other potential risk factors for headache and migraine that were identified in the study were:

  • families earning less than $35,000 annually
  • being unemployed
  • Ages ranging from 18 to 45
  • Being an older, disabled adult

Risk factors for hypothyroidism

According to

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

, key risk factors for developing hypothyroidism include:

  • Genre. Women are more likely to experience thyroid issues than men.
  • age. People over 60 years older are more likely be suffering from thyroid issues.
  • Gens. Having a family background or having had a prior thyroid issue, like goiter, can increase the likelihood that a person is likely to develop hypothyroidism.
  • Previous medical treatments. Receiving radiation, radioactive iodine, antithyroid drugs or thyroid surgery may increase the risk of having hypothyroidism.
  • Recently delivered birth. Delivering a baby in the past six months could increase the chance of developing hypothyroidism.

Being aware of the signs and symptoms of thyroid diseases will assist you and your doctor determine the severity of your illness.

The symptoms of migraine

Migraine is a common headache disorder. Primary headaches occur when the headache is a health issue. Secondary headaches can be a sign of an additional health issue like an illness or injury.

Although migraine is as a kind of headache disorder, it’s not only severe headaches. Migraine is a neurologic condition that triggers a myriad of symptoms. The headache is just one.

The migraine is usually described as a pounding painful throbbing sensation that is felt on only one head side at one time.

According to

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Other signs and symptoms can be:

A classic primary headache typically results in aching pain or pressure in the face, head or neck. There are various types of headaches. Some of them include tension headaches and cluster headaches.

Hypothyroidism symptoms

Hypothyroidism is often difficult to recognize due to the fact that many of its symptoms appear similar to other health ailments. It’s essential to have an thyroid test ordered by your doctor to assess the levels of thyroid hormone even if you do not exhibit all the symptoms.

The

NIDDK

Some of the symptoms that are common to hypothyroidism are:

  • weight gain
  • fatigue
  • muscle or joint discomfort
  • Trouble with the cold temperatures
  • Dry hair or hair that is thinning
  • irregular menstrual cycles
  • Obstetric problems
  • Depression
  • Heart rate slowed



Migraine is a cause

Migraine is affected by a mix of environmental and genetic causes. Migraine-related episodes are usually due to triggers such as exposure to a irritant ingredient or sensation, or even the environmental factors that may differ for each individual.


Common triggers

to treat migraines include:

Find out more about the most typical migraine triggers.

Doctors typically advise people suffering from migraine to keep track of their food and activities. This will help you pinpoint the triggers that cause migraine and prevent them from happening next time.

Hypothyroidism is the cause.

The reason for hypothyroidism is that the thyroid gland of your body isn’t producing enough thyroid hormone.

It can occur for a variety of reasons, as per the

NIDDK

, including:


Although there isn’t a remedy for the migraine condition, treatments could assist in managing symptoms and decrease the likelihood of having migraine attacks. The condition can be treated by drugs that mimic the thyroid hormone.

Treatment for migraine

A key thing you can do during an episode of migraine is to take a break as well as drink lots of fluids. Many sufferers find that sitting in a calm dark space can prevent the pain from becoming worse because of loud sounds or bright lighting.

The treatment for migraine has two components.

The most common types of medicines

Abortive medication and preventive medication.

Abortive medication, also known as acute treatments, can help treat migraine symptoms that are active. This includes:

  • triptan medications, which are available in tablets or injections, oral and nasal sprays
  • ditans and gepants. Both are both new forms of oral medication
  • Ergot alkaloids, also referred to as ergotamines
  • antinausea medication, also referred to as antiemetics

Preventive medicines reduce the risk of suffering from migraine attacks and to reduce the severity of your symptoms. Preventive measures are also known as prophylaxis. This type of treatment includes:

Anti-CGRP medicines are a recent alternative to prevent and treat migraine-related episodes. According to

2020 research

The drugs focus on a particular protein that is known to trigger inflammation within the brain called calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP). Examples of CGRP approved from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) include erenumab (Aimovig) and the ubrogepant (Ubrelvy).

The treatment for migraine may also require using over-the-counter pain medication also known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs). This includes Ibuprofen (Advil) as well as naproxen sodium (Aleve).

In addition, treatment using brain stimulation devices, like Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) or neuromodulation could provide relief to those who suffer from migraine.

Strategies for managing stress and communicating with a therapist could help people suffering from migraine, particularly if migraines are persistent. There are also those who prefer alternative therapies or home methods, such as acupuncture, supplements and vitamins.

Treatment for hypothyroidism

Doctors can diagnose hypothyroidism using simple blood tests to measure thyroid hormone T3 as well as thyroid hormone T4 and the thyroid-stimulating hormone TSH.

The treatment for hypothyroidism is to take synthesized thyroid hormone, levothyroxine every day. The drug is available in pill and helps to restore the levels of thyroid hormone. It can be used by people who have an underactive thyroid or who had their thyroid removed in surgery. It is necessary to be on this medication for the rest of the rest of your life.


A few studies suggest that treating hypothyroidism using levothyroxine could also relieve migraines and headaches. Much of the research focuses on hypothyroidism that is subclinical. It means that your TSH levels may be lower but not high enough to warrant a hypothyroidism diagnosis but not yet.

  • A

    small 2021 study

    Of seventeen children (average aged 11) who had hypothyroidism subclinical and migraine. Treatment with levothyroxine lowered both the frequency and intensity of migraine episodes.
  • A

    Study from 2016

    It was reported that 73 of 213 patients who had hypothyroidism that was overt or subclinical had headaches attributed as hypothyroidism (HAH) as well as over half of those patients were suffering from migraine. Following treatment with levothyroxine over approximately 12 months and 78 percent of patients suffering from HAH “reported an improvement” in the frequency of headaches.
  • A

    Paper from 2012

    A study of a short duration was reported of 25 children suffering from hyperthyroidism subclinical and migraines in Iran. Researchers found that following two years of therapy with the drug levothyroxine the children saw a dramatic reduction (over 50%) in migraine-related episodes every month.

Incredibly, MedlinePlus reports that headaches are a typical consequence of taking levothyroxine. Patients who suffer from an overactive thyroid or migraine should look out for an increase in headaches particularly if they are taking more doses of the drug.



Hypothyroidism and migraine are two frequently occurring chronic diseases. Studies suggest that those suffering from migraine have a higher risk suffer from hypothyroidism than the rest of the population, though it’s not known the exact reason.

This implies that hypothyroidism and migraine are often comorbidities or co-occurring health conditions and migraine is an indicator of hypothyroidism.

In certain cases the thyroid medication levothyroxine can help reduce headache symptoms. However, excessive doses of the drug can also be associated with more frequent headaches.

If you are experiencing migraine-related episodes and are worried about the possibility of developing hypothyroidism, consult your physician. Simple blood tests will assist in checking your thyroid health.