It may be a bit more challenging to select the appropriate foods for those with an illness that is chronic. Learning how to use the nutrition facts label optimally for your specific health condition will help you make good food decisions and keep symptoms under control, especially if you have guidance from a registered dietitian-nutritionist who is well versed in managing your specific health issue.
For instance, women suffering from polycystic or ovarian syndrome (PCOS) should be extra attentive to carbs. “As an PCOS dietitian, I inform my clients that the most significant portion of the label is usually sugar and carbs,” says Berger. “A best way to be aware of is that a typical slice of bread has around 15 grams of carbs. If you’re eating snacks that contain 32 grams of carbs it’s about the same amount as the equivalent of two bread slices. It might be a lot , but it could not be. It’s up to you the way you manage your consumption.”
Other chronic illnesses are similar to those that require consideration. Here are some essential things to consider if you are looking to …
Control Type 2 Diabetes
There’s no official diabetes diet, however it is true that the American Diabetes Association did publish an annual nutritional consensus report in the year 2019. If you suffer from Type 2 diabetes, the intake of carbohydrates is vitally important. “Many people think that it’s only the sugars they should be on the lookout for,” says Bremner. “Although it’s definitely crucial to stay away from sugary foods, the overall quantity of carbohydrates is vital.” In general Bremner says that you can subtract the amount of fiber grams you consume from that because fiber isn’t entirely consumed by the body and it can slow in the process of releasing glucose. If you do this you get what is known as “net carbohydrates.” To find out more details about net carbs, refer to this article provided by the American Diabetes Association.
Protein and fats also decrease releases of glucose therefore you’ll have more freedom with your carbs if you select a food item that is balanced by macronutrients, says Bremner. While selecting a food that has moderate amounts of carbs it is important to select a food that is rich in proteins, fiber and fat, or a combination of them, or to complement the food with an ingredient that is rich in these nutrients, like whole grain crackers that are paired with peanut butter. Sharon Puello, RD, CDCES Certified diabetes education and care specialist from Yonkers, New York, recommends eating foods that have at least three grams of fiber and protein per serving.
Control Inflammatory Disorders Such as Eczema Rheumatoid Arthritis as well as Multiple Sclerosis
Anti-inflammatory diets have gained a lot of popularity as well as websites such as The National Eczema Association, Arthritis Foundation as well as the National Multiple Sclerosis Society each provide information on diets and guidelines specific to those conditions.
“When suffering from inflammatory conditions it is important to look at a food’s added sugar content is essential because sugar may contribute in causing inflammation” Puello says. Puello. “It is best to consume as minimal as you can without resorting to sweeteners that are not nutritious.” It is also important to review the ingredients list for food items that you might be allergic to this is a problem particularly with Eczema.
Manage Digestive Disorders Such as Ulcerative Colitis or Crohn’s Disease
The Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation has details and diet guidelines on their website.
“While generally, we select foods that have a higher levels of fiber in order to aid digestion, there are times when we’re trying to find the opposite,” says Puello. “In Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis flares, and also diverticulitis, foods with low fiber content are frequently the most effective way to relieve.”
What is the significance of this? “In the above scenarios it is recommended to look for food items that contain 1g more or less in terms of fiber,” explains Puello. “When you are suffering from chronic digestive issues, looking at the ingredients section on your nutrition labels is vital, as knowing the cause of an flare-up in your condition starts by knowing what’s in the food items which you’re eating.”
Reduce Risk Factors in Heart Disease Such as High Cholesterol or High Blood Pressure
The American Heart Association lists dietary guidelines and suggestions to improve heart health on its website.
In the fight against your cholesterol level, be sure to pay special focus on saturated fats as well as trans fats as well as added sugars. “Regarding the risk of high cholesterol and for heart disease saturated fat remains the one to look out for but research is now showing that sugary foods can cause risk,” says Bremner. “On the other hand be sure to look for foods high in fiber, the “broom” that helps eliminate cholesterol!”
Nutrition labels on trans fats can be complicated. “The nutritional facts label could include 0 grams alongside trans fats, provided that the item contains less than 0.5 grams of trans fat in a serving,” Goergen says. Goergen. “That applies to all of the nutrients, such as cholesterol and saturated fat. A simple way to avoid this is to examine the ingredients list of partially hydrogenated oils to determine if trans fats have been included.” A different ingredient which could be a source for trans fats? Shortening.
If you suffer from high blood pressure, look for the amount of sodium in your food. “It’s amazing how many food items have excessive sodium content, since food manufacturers make use of it as preservative as well as to enhance flavor -in other words, i.e. in order to convince us to take in more food!” says Goergen. A low-sodium product contains at least 140 milligrams or less in each serving, so make sure to take note of when you’re eating more than the amount of serving indicated in the product’s label.”
If you can, like with canned beans, try to find “no-salt-added” food items. “Beware of products that claim to be reduced sodium’,” says Bremner. “It’s everything relative, and the soy sauce with reduced sodium could contain more than 500 mg sodium in a tablespoon.”
Additionally, it is helpful to select foods that have a greater amount of potassium. “Traditional wisdom suggests limiting sodium intake in order to lower blood pressure, however, the current thinking is that the right balance of sodium and potassium is what creates the most positive impact on the blood pressure” states Puello. The recommended daily dose for potassium is 4700 mg, and for sodium, 2,300 mg which means that, when you look at the nutrition facts label, the most ideal product will have at minimum more potassium than sodium or even more.
Maintain an Ideal Weight or Lose Weight
“Eating excessive amounts of sugar may increase the chances of developing diabetes, obesity as well as high blood pressure and other health issues,” says Yawitz. choosing foods that contain less or none added sugars is the first step to eating healthy food to keep the weight of a healthy person or shed weight.
However, don’t overlook other essential nutrients. “Obviously calories are vital however they don’t give you all the information,” says Bremner. “You should look at the labels for protein as well as fiber, fat, and protein (in moderate amounts) and all of these can help you stay fuller throughout the day.”
Also, don’t be tempted to buy fat-free products. Certain foods, like peanut butter with no fat, might have added sugar in order to make up for the change. “A most of the time, when people seek to shed pounds They look for fat-free food items,” says Puello. “But fat slows digestion, helping you feel fuller for longer.”
Strengthen Your Muscles or fuel your Cardio Training
“You require protein to build muscles, in addition,you also require carbohydrates” adds Bremner, “Carbohydrates are our body’s primary energy source and proteins are the components that make up the body. So when they are combined, they supply energy and vital material.”
However the food you decide to consume prior to a workout is dependent on the type of exercise you’re preparing for. “If you’re going to the gym for a relaxing stroll on the treadmill in order to get moving and eat a healthy diet, your meals throughout the day may be adequate,” says Puello. “But when you’re engaged in strenuous exercise regularly and require a high-carb food. Since fiber and fat hinder digestibility, this could be a occasion when your ideal food is less fiber-rich and fat. If you are looking at a nutritional label, the ideal food should be high in carbohydrates but low in fat and fiber, as well as certain protein components.”