Inadequate nutrition intake is a significant factor in the development of chronic cardiovascular disorders. Additionally, quality of food differs, which can cause socioeconomic and ethnic, and racial health disparities. Food insecurity, which is defined as a family-level economic or social condition that restricts access to sufficient food, is a frequent cause of inadequate intake of food. While food aid programs and laws within the United States intended to increase the security of food and food security, there was increasing consensus to address the issue of nutrition security. The term “nutrition security” is described by the policy declaration as an individual or household condition that is the availability of equal and constant accessibility, affordability, and the consumption of beverages and foods that enhance well-being, and also aid in the prevention and treatment of illnesses. In spite of current regulations and initiatives, significant gaps in the security of nutrition across the life span persist. To achieve nutrition security Researchers have offered suggestions for improving and strengthening the current nutrition assistance programs and policies. The following principles are the basis of these suggestions: focusing on nutritional quality, enhancing the reach of programs, ensuring maximum utilization, enhancing coordination between programs, ensuring continuity of programs’ access across the life cycle as well as ensuring equity and dignity in access and use.

They believed that a crucial next step was to design and implement national measures to ensure nutrition security which could be added to current US nutrition security policies. In order to achieve the same level of nutrition security for all the coordination and continuous implementation of actions at the state, federal as well as local levels will be needed. The future of lobbying, imagination and research will be needed to expand existing laws as well as programs, and to develop and develop innovative policies and programmes to improve cardiovascular health and reduce health inequalities due to chronic diseases.