Pain in the groin and lower leg in women: causes and treatment

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When the pain in the groin goes down the leg, sitting, walking, and other tasks can become uncomfortable. The type of pain a person is experiencing and when they are feeling it can provide clues as to the cause.

In this article, we look at the possible causes of groin and leg pain and their treatment options.

Share on PinterestGroin and leg pain can occur during pregnancy or due to a medical condition, including fibromyalgia.

Pregnancy can put pressure on muscles.

Many pregnant women suffer from a so-called symphysis symphysis dysfunction (SPD). According to a case report from 2012, SPD occurs in 31.7% of pregnant women.

SPD occurs when the ligaments that straighten the pelvis stretch too much, causing pain and instability.

A person may feel radiating, stabbing, or stabbing pain in the lower abdomen, groin, back, thigh, leg, and perineum. The perineum is the area of ​​skin between the scrotum or vulva and the anus.

SPD can worsen when a person changes position, walks, or climbs stairs.


This type of pain usually goes away on its own after pregnancy.

However, treatment options can include:

  • Soft tissue therapy, a type of massage
  • Pregnancy belt
  • Pelvic blockages
  • physical therapy

Pelvic blocks can be purchased online.

Pregnancy support belts can be purchased online.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), fibromyalgia is a chronic pain that causes widespread muscle pain.

A 2015 article stated that women with fibromyalgia may report troublesome pelvic floor symptoms and experience pelvic pain.

Fibromyalgia pain can develop in certain sensitive areas throughout the body.

Other symptoms of fibromyalgia include:

  • fatigue
  • Pain in muscles and joints
  • Difficulty paying attention
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • Sleep disorder
  • headache
  • Tingling in hands and feet
  • Pain in the face and jaw
  • Digestive problems such as gas, constipation, and abdominal pain


Treatment options can be:

  • A practice: This can help with pain and improve sleep.
  • Medication: A person may need over-the-counter pain relievers or antidepressants and anticonvulsants.
  • Dealing with stress: Examples can be yoga and meditation.
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): This can help with depression.

The pelvic floor supports the bladder and the reproductive organs.

Pregnancy, old age, and some injuries, such as severe tears during childbirth, can weaken the pelvic floor.

Many women with pelvic floor problems do not experience pain but have difficulty holding urine, especially when jumping or running.

However, some people have lower back pain that can radiate to the thighs and groin.

There are different types of pelvic floor dysfunction and symptoms can vary.

Some common symptoms can include:

  • Sensation of vaginal heaviness which gets worse as the day progresses
  • see or feel a bulge in the vagina
  • Difficulty urinating
  • a frequent need to urinate
  • Feel pain when urinating


Pelvic floor exercises and physical therapy can help. People with severe pelvic floor injuries may need surgery.

Find out here about various treatment options for pelvic floor dysfunction.

Sciatic pain originates from the sciatic nerve, which begins in the lower back and branches into the legs.

Sciatica can occur for many reasons, including a herniated disc, damage to the structures surrounding nerves, or diabetic nerve pain.

Sciatic pain usually only extends down one leg, but can be felt on both sides.

People can describe numbness, burning, or a tingling sensation.


About 80–90% of people with sciatica get better over time without surgery, usually within a few weeks.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can meanwhile relieve sciatic pain.

If sciatica doesn’t improve after a few weeks, a person may need physical therapy, injections, or surgery in more severe cases.

Myofascial pain syndrome is a chronic pain disorder that causes pain that occurs at trigger points.

These points can resemble hard muscle knots that are very painful to the touch.

The pain can spread to other areas. For example, a person might have a hip trigger point causing hip or groin pain that radiates to the legs.

Trigger point pain causes pain or throbbing. When a person is massaging trigger points, the pain can become very intense or feel like a burning sensation.


Massage, exercise, improved posture, and more activity can all help.

It can also help to warm the area where the pain is occurring.

Medications include steroids or muscle relaxants.

Other medical treatment options can include:

  • Cold laser: A healthcare professional exposes the trigger point to weak infrared light.
  • Drying needles: A doctor inserts a needle into the trigger point.
  • Wet needles: This is the same as dry needling, but involves injecting an anesthetic or a steroid.
  • Electrical stimulation: An electrode causes the trigger point to contract quickly.

Damage to the ligaments, tendons, or muscles that surround the pelvis in women can cause pain at the injury site and pain that radiates to other areas.

An example is when a person with a hip load experiences pain in their hip or groin and pain radiating to the leg.

The pain usually feels painful and ranges from mild to severe enough to prevent the person from sleeping.


Rest, ice, and elevation can help relieve pain from soft tissue injuries.

However, some more serious injuries may require surgery or other medical treatment.

Diagnosing groin and leg pain in women can be challenging. This can especially be the case if the person does not feel the pain in the doctor’s office.

To diagnose the pain, a doctor might suggest:

  • X-rays to look for bone and joint injuries
  • imaging scans, such as B. an MRI
  • Blood tests to look for signs of infection

A doctor will also ask questions about a person’s medical history and sometimes their family’s medical history.

It is important to tell a doctor about any symptoms, including those that may not be related to the pain.

Mild pain in the leg and groin area in women can go away on its own, and many soft tissue injuries heal without special intervention.

Pregnancy-related pain usually subsides after giving birth, but a number of interventions during pregnancy can help.

People may want to see a doctor if:

  • The pain is severe enough to affect its ability to function.
  • A person has other symptoms, such as a fever.
  • The individual’s pain keeps getting worse.
  • Treatment that a doctor recommends won’t help.
  • A person has difficulty sleeping because of the pain.

It makes sense to go to the emergency room if:

  • the pain follows a fall
  • Pain makes movement impossible
  • every part of the body becomes numb

Groin pain can be alarming. In most cases, the pain is an inconvenience and not a sign of a serious health problem. That doesn’t mean a person has to live with the discomfort.

A doctor can diagnose the cause and offer a wide range of treatment options, so don’t hesitate with treatment.