Dr. Ayush Sharma

Sciatic nerve pain that is often abbreviated to a medical issue known as Sciatica is characterized by leg pain with numbness or tingling which begins from the back of the lower part region and eventually moves down to the buttock area and then toward the rear to the back of your leg. In general, sciatica is believed to only affect just one part of the body with pain that extends to the upper back to the rear of the thigh, and into the leg’s back. The pain could continue to extend to the foot or toes, depending on the area the area where the sciatic nerve is believed to have been affected, resulting in a different experience between one person and the next.

It is characterized by multiple symptoms Some patients complain of intense and uncomfortable pain, others share the experience as irritating and infrequent. However, these pains are believed to get worse in the near future, and therefore suggest taking precautions and exercising accordingly.

In the same way as the impact of this discomfort on different people the symptoms of sciatica can differ in their type as well as their location and intensity, dependent on the condition causing the sciatica. Patients can also experience pins and needles that feel in the same region. Although the permanent damage to sciatic nerves (tissue injury) is a uncommon event, when it occurs, it’s usually irreparable.

If one is experiencing weakness in the lower area and numbness or pain within the upper legs or loss of bladder or stool control, then it’s recommended to seek medical attention immediately prior to the condition getting worse or gets worse.

The symptoms of sciatica

The most frequently reported symptoms of Sciatica –

  • It is possible to experience constant discomfort on one lower leg or buttocks (rarely may occur on the legs in both).
  • The pain tends to get worse when standing or while coughing or sneezing.
  • A numbness, weakness or even difficulty in walking with the foot or leg.
  • Feeling tingling or burning on the leg.
  • There is also an intense pain that can make it difficult to stand or walk.

What causes Sciatica

Sciatica is usually caused by inflammation of root(s) that lie in the lower part of the lumbar spine and the lumbosacral spinal. The most common cause for this is a herniated or prolapsed disk in the spinal column (often known as the sipped disc). Other causes of sciatica comprise

  • Lumbar spinal Stenosis
  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • If you are expecting overweight or wear heels, and sleep on a very soft mattress, you’re more likely to experience sciatica-related pain.

The treatment for Sciatica

If you suffer from an injured disk, it is not a guarantee that you need surgery. There are many instances where symptoms have improved over time. Instead 90% of people suffering from sciatica don’t require surgery.

It’s usually an amalgamation of preventative measures along with medicines and controlled exercises which help treat the discomfort.

Beware of sudden or extreme moves in the lower back in order to avoid aggravation of the discomfort. Things like squatting, sitting down, bending the waist, or lifting heavy weights (or even lighter weights incorrectly) must be avoided.

Physical therapy and exercise Doctors usually plan a precise, controlled, and progressive exercise routine. This is because, regardless of how absurd it may sound, exercises work fairly well for sciatica when compared against bed rest. You may also take a break for a day or two if your pain is getting worse however, after a period of inactivity, it will begin to go in the opposite direction. These exercises serve two functions:

  1. They ease discomfort of sciatica in the short longer
  2. They aid in conditioning and will prevent the recurrence of the discomfort.

In the absence of a regular exercise routine the back muscles and the spinal structures have a tendency to weaken and become less in a position to support the back. This may result in back injuries and strain, which could cause further discomfort. A healthy body’s movement aid in the transfer of nutrients and fluids within the discs , and help maintain their health and prevent any tension upon the nerve that runs through sciatica.

A large number of patients have experienced relief via an endoscopic or endoportal procedure which is a 30-minute procedure that requires less than 24 hours of hospitalization. The procedure involves a smaller than a few centimetres of a cut, through which doctors remove the part that is putting stress on the nerve, in the case of slipped discs and spinal stenosis.

So, surgery could be the last option for people suffering from sciatica pain, however, your doctor will confirm that he has researched and evaluated every method before he decides to take a step towards surgery. Given the irreparable nature of nerve injuries caused by reckless handling of the problem or self-medication. It is recommended that you consult an orthopedic surgeon, a neurosurgeon or a spine surgeon when you are in the earliest stage of pain.

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